EGU session on "Stable isotopes to study water and nutrient dynamics in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum"
We are organizing again a session on "Stable isotopes to study water and nutrient dynamics in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum" for the European Geoscience Union General Assembly. It will be the third year that we invite abstracts to this topic and we are looking forward to hear about the recent developments in the field of stable isotope applications in soil plant interactions. The session was well-received in the last years with a full room during the interesting talks in our oral session and many inspiring discussions at the posters. We hope to attract once again many scientists and welcome abstract submission until January 10, 2019. https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2019/session/31635
Study on inferring storage, mixing and fluxes in the critical zone of northern environments based in stable isotopes of soil water accepted for a Special Issue on "Water in the Critical Zone" in Hydrological Processes
We compiled stable isotope data (2H and 18O) of bulk soil water at five long-term experimental catchments across a hydro-meteorological gradient in the northern latitudes (Figure 1). The comparison of the extensive data set, covering different landscape units at each catchment, showed that vegetation, topography and elevation affect the isotopic composition over time and soil depth. Soil water beneath conifers is more enriched in heavy isotopes than beneath heather or oak vegetation. Sampling sites closer to the stream are generally less variable in their stable isotopic composition than sites at gentle hillslopes. Isotopic fractionation due to soil evaporation was observed mainly in the top 10 to 30 cm and was mainly controlled by the precipitation amount while temperature (as proxy for evaporation) was less important and soil moisture did not influence the isotopic fractionation, as revealed by multiple linear regression.
The study will be published (here) in a Special Issue on "Water in the Critical Zone" in Hydrological Processes. The work was funded by the ERC grant VeWa and you can find a presentation by Doerthe Tetzlaff about that project here.
The manuscript "Measuring and Modeling of Stable Isotopes of Mobile and Bulks Soil Water" now available as Open Access in Vadose Zone Journal
The final version on the manuscript on "Measuring and Modeling Stable Isotopes of Mobile and Bulk Soil Water" is now online available and can be downloaded here.
Manuscript on water ages in the critical zone currently in discussion for Hydrology and Earth System Sciences
A study on water ages and travel times in the critical zone is now out in Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussion. We used in this study the SWIS model that was tested at different sites in the northern latitudes in a previous investigation. We tracked the infiltrated water through the soil profiles and in the evaporation, transpiration and recharge fluxes. This way, we could derive travel times (which show how long the water takes to leave the soil via evaporation, transpiration or recharge), and median water ages (to estimate the median age of water in soil storage or the evaporation, transpiration and recharge fluxes). Our results showed for each study site, that water ages of soil storage, evaporation, transpiration and recharge were inversely related to the storage volume of the critical zone: water ages generally decreased exponentially with increasing soil water storage. These findings on the 1-D soil profile support the "inverse storage effect" as recently discussed for the catchment and hillslope scales. You can download the manuscript here.
Oral and poster session on "Stable isotopes to study water dynamics in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum" during EGU 2018
The EGU session HS10.5/BG2.1/SSS13.40 on "Stable isotopes to study water dynamics in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum" is scheduled for Friday, 13 April 2018 with oral presentations in the morning (08:30–10:00 in Room 2.15) and the poster presentations in the afternoon (17:30–19:00). Make sure you don't miss the interesting talks and posters covering field studies, methodological developments and modeling applications in the context of stable isotope hydrology to foster process understanding in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum.
New paper out in Vadose Zone Journal on the differences between stable isotopic signal in mobile and bulk soil water
We compare in our latest study soil water isotope data from suction cup lysimeter, that are limited to sample the mobile water (MW), with soil water isotope data sampled with the direct water-vapor analysis, that samples the bulk soil water (BW). We present for six landscape units at three VeWa sites that the BW isotopic compositions shows a kinetic fractionation, which is indicative for soil evaporation, but MW does not. We suggest that the relative volume of MW to BW is relevant for explaining these isotopic differences, since MW volumes are usually relatively low during periods of high evaporation. We additionally use the numerical 1-D flow model SWIS (Soil Water Isotope Simulator) to simulate the hydrometric and isotopic dynamics at the studied sites. The simulations accounting for a fast and slow flow supported the conceptualization of two soil pore domains (MW and BW) with isotopic exchange via vapor exchange. Please see the manuscript here.
Very interesting discussion on the topic of water ages in the hydrological cycle during last weeks workshop funded by the Wassernetzwerk Baden-Württemberg. The interdisciplinary organizing committee (Prof. Dr. Markus Weiler , Chair of Hydrology, University of Freiburg; Prof. Dr. Werner Aeschbach , Institute of Environmental Physics, Heidelberg University; Prof. Dr. Christiane Werner , Chair of Ecosystem Physiology, University of Freiburg; PD Dr. Christiane Stumpp , Helmholtz Zentrum München and University of Freiburg) brought together early career and senior scientists working on the different compartments of the hydrological cycle. This way, the workshop fostered exchange between the disciplines to get a better understanding of how the water flow in the unsaturated and saturated zone is affected by vegetation and atmosphere. The workshop ended with a field visit of a long-term experimental forest site close to Freiburg (Conventwald).
I organize a session for EGU 2018 together with Josie Geris, Christophe Hissler, Pilar Llorens and Natalie Orlowski on "Stable isotopes to study water dynamics in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum". It is co-organized by the sections of Ecohydrology (HS10.5), Terrestrial Biogeoscience (BG2.1) and Soil System Science (SSS). Invited speaker will be Arthur Gessler from WSL, Zürich.
More info and the session description here.
Presentations at EGU Leonardo Conference on "Water stable isotopes in the hydrological cycle" 16.‐18.10.2017 in the Black Forest, Germany
Tetzlaff, Doerthe, Ala-Aho, P; Buttle, J; Carey, SK; Kohn, M; Kuppel, S; Laudon, H; McDonnell, J; McNamara, JP; Spence, C; Sprenger, M; Smith, A; Soulsby, C :"Using stable isotopes to understand vegetation‐water linkages across northern landscapes (VeWa)"
Sprenger, M; Tetzlaff, D; Ala-Aho, P; Buttle, J; Laudon, H; Mitchell, C; Snelgrove, J; Weiler, M; Soulsby, C: Keynote on "Water fluxes, transport and transit times" including recent work on "Mobile and tightly bound soil water fluxes in northern environments"
See the program of the conference here.
Our study on the influence of forest and shrub canopies on precipitation partitioning and isotopic signatures is out in Hydrological Processes and available on Researchgate.